Tooth Extraction: What It Is, Why It Is Necessary, and How It’s Done
Teeth are designed to survive almost anything that is thrown at them. They are sturdy and can last your entire lifetime. However, not everyone has been privileged to enjoy the company of their natural teeth for their entire lifetime.
At times, our dentist in Spring, TX, might recommend that you get an extraction. Most of the time, we may view tooth extractions in Spring, TX, as unnecessary, but there is a myriad of reasons that deem the procedure necessary.
Tooth Extraction, In a Nutshell
Tooth removal in Spring, TX, is a dental procedure that involves the removal of whole or damaged teeth. This is an outpatient procedure that is performed under local, general, or intravenous administered anesthesia.
Why Is Extraction Necessary?
When you come into our office, our dentist will perform a dental exam to check the state of your teeth. If the situation warrants it, then getting an extraction becomes the next course of action. However, you need to bear in mind that tooth extraction is the last resort. If our dentist in Spring, TX, recommends it, then there is nothing else that can be done to save the tooth.
Without further ado, let’s look at why extractions are necessary:
- Severe damage due to tooth decay. When there is deep decay, and your pulp (center of your tooth) is affected, then there is no other option but to remove the tooth. Most of the time, root canal therapy solves this problem, but if the infection cannot be stopped using this procedure and antibiotics, then extraction is your best option.
- Extraction is necessary if you have impacted teeth, which means that the teeth have not fully erupted. This is a common problem with wisdom teeth.
- Gum disease or periodontal disease that affects the bones and tissue that hold your teeth in place. It starts as a mild inflammation of the gums, a condition known as gingivitis. If left untreated, it spreads to the bones. In this case, an extraction can be necessary to stop the spread of the infection.
- If you need to undergo an orthodontic procedure, some scenarios will need extractions to be done to avoid overcrowding.
- If you have been involved in an accident, the first option is to try and save your natural teeth. But if the teeth are severely damaged, then an extraction will be done.
How It’s Done
Before the procedure commences, our dentist will take an X-ray of the affected teeth. This will help guide our dentist on the type of extraction that will be appropriate for your case. There are two types of tooth extractions in Spring, TX:
- Simple Extraction
A simple extraction is a dental procedure that involves the removal of visible and damaged teeth. Our dentist will administer local anesthesia to the area surrounding the affected tooth. This numbs the area so that our dentist can pry loose the tooth using an elevator. It is normal to feel some pressure on the site, but no pain.
When the tooth becomes loose, then forceps will be used to remove the tooth. Some people are afraid of the procedure, so anti-anxiety drugs can be used to calm the nerves.
- Surgical Extraction
Surgical extractions are more involving than simple extractions. This procedure is used when you have impacted teeth (not visible above the gum line) or severely damaged teeth. General anesthesia can be used to make the process painless.
Our dentist will then proceed and make a small incision on your gum to facilitate the removal of the tooth.
What Happens After an Extraction?
Typically, your socket undergoes three phases as it heals:
- Inflammatory phase – This is the first stage that is characterized by inflammation of the gums, then followed by blood clots in the socket. This is why our dentist places a gauze on the socket for you to bite down for approximately an hour to aid in the blood clot. This when there is the formation of granulation tissue that covers the wound. New tissue typically forms after a week or so.
- Proliferative phase – This is the next stage where the wound begins to seal.
- Maturation phase – This is the last stage where collagen forms a bony network that covers the wound and seals the area.
You might experience some discomfort, pain, and swelling for three to four days. After five days, the swelling goes down, and you can resume eating as usual. But, the swelling goes down completely after two weeks.
After three weeks, you need to visit our dentist at The Smile Designer for a post-operative checkup.
If you need a tooth extraction, you can contact our dentist in Spring, TX, to book an appointment.